See title, here is the problem statement. Specifically I don’t understand what is meant my “Output Format - the number of non-periodic strings of length N , modulo M” bit. Could someone give me an example to explain the output format?
Here is the problem https://www.codechef.com/IOIPRAC/problems/INOI1502
I am also pasting this here in case someone doesn’t want to click the link.
A string is any nonempty sequence of 0s and 1s. Examples of strings are 00, 101, 111000,
1, 0, 01. The length of a string is the number of symbols in it. For example, the length of
111000 is 6. If u and v are strings, then uv is the string obtained by concatenating u and v.
For example if u = 110 and v = 0010 then uv = 1100010.
A string w is periodic if there exists a string v such that w = v
n = vv · · · v (n times),
for some n ≥ 2. Note that in this case the length of v is strictly less than that of w. For
example, 110110 is periodic, because it is vv for v = 110.
Given a positive integer N, find the number of strings of length N which are not periodic.
Report the answer modulo M. The non-periodic strings of length 2 are 10 and 01. The nonperiodic
strings of length 3 are 001, 010, 011, 100, 101, and 110.
A single line, with two space-separated integers, N and M.
A single integer, the number of non-periodic strings of length N, modulo M.
In all subtasks, 2 ≤ M ≤ 108
The testdata is grouped into 4 subtasks.
Subtask 1 (10 marks) 1 ≤ N ≤ 4000. N is the product of two distinct prime numbers.
Subtask 2 (20 marks) 1 ≤ N ≤ 4000. N is a power of a prime number.
Subtask 3 (35 marks) 1 ≤ N ≤ 4000.
Subtask 4 (35 marks) 1 ≤ N ≤ 150000.