PROBLEM LINKS
DIFFICULTY
HARD
EXPLANATION
This can be solved with dynamic programming. Let w(u,v) denote the weight of the edge between u and v. Root the tree at an arbitrary node r. For nodes v,c within distance d of each other, let m(v,c) denote the maximum total weight of edges in the subtree rooted at v among all solutions that have c being the center of the component containing v. Then m(v,c) satisfies the following recurrence. To simplify notation, let k(u) denote the maximum over all m(u,c) where c ranges over nodes in the subtree rooted at u whose distance to u is at most d (i.e. not considering possible centers c that are not included in the subtree rooted at u).
 if v is a leaf, then m(v,c) = 0
 if v is not a leaf and either c = v or the path from v to c goes through the parent of v, then m(v,c) is the sum, over all children u of v, of the quantities

max(k(u), m(u,c) + w(u,v)) if the distance from u to c is at most d

k(u) if the distance from u to c exceeds d
 if v is not a leaf and c is in a subtree rooted at some child u’ of v, then m(v,c) is the sum of w(u’,v) + m(u’, c) plus the sum, overall children u != u’ of v, of the quantities listed in the previous point.
SETTER’S SOLUTION
Can be found here.
TESTER’S SOLUTION
Can be found here.